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CAST-256 encryption algorithm

In cryptography, CAST-256 (or CAST6) is a block cipher published in June 1998. It was submitted as a candidate for the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES); however, it wasnot among the five AES finalists. It is an extension of an earlier cipher, CAST-128; both were designed according to the "CAST" design methodology invented by Carlisle Adams and StaffordTavares. Howard Heys and Michael Wiener also contributed to the design.CAST-256 uses the same elements as CAST-128, including S-boxes, but is adapted for a block size of 128 bits - twice thesize of its 64-bit predecessor. (A similar construction occurred in the evolution of RC5 into RC6). Acceptable key sizes are 128, 160, 192, 224 or 256 bits. CAST-256 is composed of 48 rounds,sometimes described as 12 "quad-rounds", arranged in a generalised Feistel network.In RFC 2612, the authors state that, "The CAST-256 cipher described in this document is available worldwide on a royalty-free and licence-free basis for commercial and non-commercial uses.

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